Factoid Lesson Plan of the Day: Confucianism - 6 - Lead By Example
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Factoid Lesson Plan of the Day: Confucianism - 6 - Lead By Example

This is an overview of the Analects of Confucius with a short inference. It is meant as a resource for teachers and students of Chinese History and Philosophy.

6 - 12-13 Eliminate Lawyers, 12-17, Lead By Example, 12-20 Avoid Fame, 12-23 Choose Your Friends Carefully

12-13 The Master said: "At hearing lawsuits I am no better than another. What is needed is to stay lawsuits."

Inference: Eliminate lawsuits and lawyers.

12-17 Chi K'ang asked Confucius how to rule.

Confucius answered: "To rule is to set straight. If we give an upright lead, sir, who will dare to be crooked?"

Inference: Lead by example.

12-20 Tzu-chang asked, When may a scholar be called eminent?

The Master said: "What dost thou mean by eminence?

Tzu-chang answered: "To be famous in the state, and famous in his home."

The Master said: "That is fame, not eminence. The eminent man is plian and straight. He loves right, weighs men's words, and scans their looks. At pains to step down to them, he will be eminent in the state, and eminent in his home. The famous man wears a mask of love, but his deeds belie it. He knows no misgivings, and fame will be his in the state and fame be his in his home."

Inference: Avoid Fame. There is an old Chinese saying that says those who raise their heads above the crowd may lose them.

12-23 Tzu-kung asked about friends. The Master said: "Talk faithfully to them: guide them with skill. If this prove vain, stop. Do not court shame."

Inference: Choose your friends carefully.

Critical Questions

Why did Confucius want to eliminate lawyers?

Why should we lead by example?

Why should one avoid fame?

Why should we choose our friends carefully?

SUPPLEMENTAL MATERIAL

WHY WOULD LAWYERS BE UNNECESSARY IN A BETTER SOCIETY?

HOW CAN OUR FRIENDS BRING US HAPPINESS OR TURMOIL?

Additional Internet Research Links For This Lesson:

Confucius and Leading by Example

http://web.sau.edu/RichardsRandyL/china_confucius_on_character_and_leade.htm

Confucius and Fame

http://www.bartleby.com/44/1/12.html

13-2 Overlook Small Faults, 13-5 Put Theories Into Practice, 13-13 Conquer Yourself Before Others, 13-26 Be High-Minded, Not Proud

13-2 When steward of the Chi, Chung-kung asked me how to rule.

The Master said: "Let officers act first: overlook small faults: raise worth and talent."

Chung-kung said: "How shall I learn to know the worth and talent I have to raise?"

"Raise those thou dost know," said the Master; "and those unknown to thee, will other men pass by?"

Inference: Overlook small faults. Don't be picky.

13-5 The Master said: "Though a man have conned three hundred poems; if he stand helpless when put to govern; if he cannot answer for himself, when sent to the four corners of the earth; despite their number, what have they done for him?"

Inference: Put theory into practice. If you cannot use what you know, what you know is worthless.

13-13 The Master said: "What is governing to him who can rule himself? Who cannot rule himself, how should he rule others?"

Inference: You must conquer yourself before others.

13-26 The Master said: "A gentleman is high-minded, not proud: the vulgar are proud, but not high-minded."

Inference: Be high-minded, not proud.

Why should we overlook small faults?

Why do we need to put our theories into practice?

Why do we need to conquer ourselves before others?

Why do we need ti be high-minded instead of proud?

Critical Questions

SUPPLEMENTAL MATERIAL

IS PRACTICE MORE IMPORTANT THAN THEORY?

HOW CAN WE CONQUER OURSELVES?

Additional Internet Research Links For This Lesson:

Confucius and Self-Discipline

http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/confuciu.htm

Confucius and Practice

http://www.classicallibrary.org/confucius/analects/09.htm

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