Factoid Lesson Plan of the Day: Confucianism - 3 - Knowledge is Power, Forgive and Forget
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Factoid Lesson Plan of the Day: Confucianism - 3 - Knowledge is Power, Forgive and Forget

This is an overview of the teachings of Confucius. It is meant as a resource for teachers and students of Chinese History and Philosophy

5-4 Goodness Is Better Than Cleverness, 5-5 Be Humble, 5-14 Knowledge Is Power, 5-22 Forgive and Forget

5-4 - Yung said one: "has love, but he has not a glib tongue."

The Master said: "What is the good of a glib tongue?

Fighting men with tongue-craft breeds much bitterness.

Whether love be his I do not know, but what is the good of a glib tongue?

Inference: Cleverness can cause strife; better to be silent and good.

5-5 -The Master moved Ch'i-tiao K'ai to take office.

He answered: "For this I lack confidence."

The Master was pleased.

Inference: Better to be humble than overconfident. I'm sure all my friends and relatives are having a good laugh over me trying to tell someone to be humble.

5-14 - Tzu-kung asked: "Why was K'ung-wen styled cultured?" The Master said: "He was quick and fond of learning, not ashamed to ask those beneatn him. That is why he was cultured.

Inference: Humility combined with Knowledge is power.

5-22 - The Master said: "As Po-yi and Shu-ch'i never recalled past wickedness the foes they made were few."

Inference: Forgive and forget past transgressions. You and those around you will be much happier.

Critical Questions

How has being too clever caused strife in your life?

How is humility received in our culture?

How is knowledge power and how does humility enter into the equation?

Why is it difficult to forgive and forget?

SUPPLEMENTAL MATERIAL

HOW CAN WE BE MORE HUMBLE IN OUR LIVES?

WHY MUST WE BE CAREFUL WITH THE KNOWLEDGE WE ACCUMULATE IN OUR LIVES?

Additional Internet Research Links For This Lesson:

Confucius and Humility

http://www.quotationspage.com/subjects/humility/

Confucius and Forgiveness

http://www.international-relations.com/cm3-2/Daoweb.html

6-2 Learn For Learning's Sake, 6-16 Blend Nature and Science, 6-22 Everyone Has Potential, 6-28 Love Is Its Own Reward

6-2 Duke Ai asked which disciples were fond of learning. Confucius answered:"Yen Hui loved learning. His anger fell not astray; he made no mistake twice. By ill luck his life was cut short. Now that he is gone, I hear of no one who is fond of learning.

Inference:

It is good to learn just for the sake of learning 6-16 The Master said: "Nature outweighing art begets roughness; art outweighing nature begets pedantry. Art and nature, well blended, make a gentleman."

Inference: We should give nature and the arts equal weight. This is actually a blending of Confucian philosophy with parts of Taoist philosophy.

6-22 The Master said: "By one revolution Ch'i might grow as Lu: by one revolution Lu might win to truth."

Inference: In time we all have potential.

6-28 Tzu-kung said: "To treat the people with bounty and help the many, how were that? Could it be called love?"

The Master said: "What has this to do with love? Would it not be holiness?

Both Yao and Shun still yearned for this. In seeking a foothold for self, love finds a foothold for others; seeking light itself, it enlightens others also. To learn from the near at hand may be called the key to love."

Inference: Love is its own reward. Love those closest to you.

Critical Questions

Why should we learn for learning's sake?

Why is the blending of nature and science difficult?

Does everybody have potential? How can it be developed?

Why is love its own reward?

SUPPLEMENTAL MATERIAL

HOW DID THE GREEKS DEBATE NATURE AND SCIENCE HUNDREDS OF YEARS AFTER CONFUCIUS?

WHY IS LOVE DIFFICULT TO GIVE AND RECEIVE?

Additional Internet Research Links For This Lesson:

Confucius and Nature

http://search.yahoo.com/search?p=Confucius+and+Nature&ei=UTF-8&fr=fp-tab-web-t&n=20&fl=0&x=wrt

Confucius and Science

http://www.chemistrycoach.com/what_is_science.html

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